THE United States will provide “security guarantees” to North Korea as Kim Jong Un commits to “complete denuclearisation” in a joint declaration at the Singapore summit on Tuesday.
It was history in the making as a sitting US President met for the first time with a leader of the North Korean regime. After speculation that talks could last for two days, five hours was all it took for Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un to come to an agreement.
Surrounded by their respective delegations, the two formerly-bitter enemies signed an agreement that claimed a pathway towards denuclearisation and a recommitment to peace on the Korean peninsula.
The document said that Kim and Trump engaged in a “comprehensive, in-depth, and sincere exchange of opinions” Trump committed to provide security guarantees to the DPRK and Kim confirmed his “unwavering commitment to denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula.”
The two sides declared to “establish new US-DPRK relations.” They will “join efforts to build a lasting and stable peace” on the Korean peninsula.
Higher-res version pic.twitter.com/7zhFMdAmFv
— Jonathan Cheng (@JChengWSJ) June 12, 2018
They reaffirmed the commitment to the April 27 Panmunjom Declaration between South and North Korea, and the pledge to work towards denuclearisation.
Both sides committed to “recovering POW/MIA remains,” including the “immediate repatriation of all those already identified.”
They also committed to hold follow-on negotiations “led by the US Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, and a relevant high-level DPRK official, at the earliest possible date, to implement the outcomes of the US-DPRK summit.”
Kim heralded today as a turning point in the relationship and said they were “leaving the past behind” with the signing of this “historic document.”
Acknowledging media reports that the deal reached would be nothing decisive, Trump said the summit had “worked out for both of us far better than anyone expected.” He said that everyone would be “very impressed.”
In a press conference later in the day, Trump called it a “very important day for world history.”
From more than an hour-long press conference, he made laid out some of the content of his and Kim’s discussions and described the details of the agreement.
Trump said the US will be stopping “war games” military exercises with South Korea. This was not mentioned in the signed agreement and it is unclear how South Korea feels about this. President Moon did not mention this concession in his statement.
North Korea has destroyed a “powerful missile engine site.” This was reportedly not part of their original agreement but Trump considers this a sign that the North Koreans are serious.
The US will verify Pyongyang’s “complete denuclearisation” by sending a team of experts to North Korea, he said. But sanctions will remain in place for the time being and will only “come off when we know nukes are no longer a factor.”
He also reiterated his intention to meet with Chairman Kim again in the future.
This just in: South Korea’s Moon Jae-in statement on today’s summit pic.twitter.com/mPDElMjwyb
— Elise Hu (@elisewho) June 12, 2018
Trump said, after he has departed, he will be calling China’s President Xi Jinping, Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, and South Korea’s Moon Jae-in, who released a statement expressing his “heartfelt congratulations” for the success of the summit.
Moon said that while he could “cautiously” predict the success of the summit, “seventy years of division and hostility, however, have cast a dark shadow that makes it difficult to believe what is actually happening.”
He praised both Trump and Kim for their “bold first step” and said his office would assist in any way to ensure the agreement is implemented.
“Building upon the agreement reached today, we will take a new path going forward,” Moon said. “Leaving dark days of war and conflict behind, we will write a new chapter of peace and cooperation. We will be there together with North Korea along the way.”