SOUTH Korea’s Constitutional Court removed President Park Geun-hye from office on Friday over a graft scandal involving South Korea’s conglomerates at a time of rising tensions with North Korea and China.
Park, 65, becomes South Korea’s first democratically elected leader to be forced from office, capping months of paralysis and turmoil as hundreds of thousands crammed the streets to protest a corruption scandal which has also landed the head of the Samsung conglomerate in a jail cell.
A presidential election will be held in 60 days, according to the constitution.
The court’s acting chief judge, Lee Jung-mi, said Park had violated the constitution and law “throughout her term”, and despite the objections of Parliament and the press, she had concealed the truth and cracked down on critics.
“The removal of the claimee from office is overwhelmingly to the benefit of the protection of the constitution … We remove President Park Geun-hye from office,” Lee told the hearing.
Park, who had denied any wrongdoing, did not appear in court on Friday.
The ruling to uphold Parliament’s Dec 9 vote to impeach her over the scandal marks a dramatic fall from grace of South Korea’s first woman president and daughter of Cold War military dictator Park Chung-hee.
Both of her parents were assassinated.
Park no longer has immunity as president and could now face criminal charges over bribery, extortion and abuse of power in connection with allegations of conspiring with her friend, Choi Soon-sil.
However, she has remained in the president’s official compound, the Blue House.
“For now, Park is not leaving the Blue House today,” Blue House spokesman Kim Dong Jo said.
“No plans have been made for her departure. Due to security reasons, she cannot go back to her house in Samseong-dong,” Kim said.
Earlier, the spokesman said when Park left the Blue House, she would be going to her private residence in Samseong-dong, a neighbourhood in the affluent Gangnam district of the capital, Seoul.
The Seoul market’s benchmark KOSPI index and the rose after the ruling.
The top regulator has played down any negative impact on markets and the central bank is scheduled to hold an emergency meeting later on Friday.
“As the saga is coming to an end, markets will be relieved South Korea finally can push forward to press ahead with electing new leadership,” said Trinh Nguyen, senior economist at Natixis in Hong Kong.
“The hope is that this will allow the country to have a new leader who can address long-standing challenges such as labour market reforms and escalated geopolitical tensions.”
Park was been accused of colluding with her friend, Choi and a former presidential aide, both of whom have been on trial, to pressure big businesses to donate to two foundations set up to back her policy initiatives.
The court said Park had “completely hidden the fact of (Choi’s) interference with state affairs”.
Park was also accused of soliciting bribes from the head of the Samsung Group for government favours, including backing a merger of two Samsung affiliates in 2015 which was seen as supporting the succession of control over the country’s largest “chaebol” conglomerate.
Samsung Group leader Jay Y. Lee has been accused of bribery and embezzlement in connection with the scandal and is in detention. His trial began on Thursday.
He and Samsung have denied wrongdoing.
Protests after verdict
On Friday, hundreds of demonstrators, both for and against Park, have gathered outside the court and tried to break through police barricades.
Police said one 72-year-old man was taken to hospital with a head injury and died. The circumstances of a second death were being investigated.
Six people were injured, protest organisers said.
After the verdict, Park’s supporters and police scuffled but elsewhere in the city, people welcomed her ouster.
A recent poll showed more than 70 percent supported her impeachment.
Police blocked the main thoroughfare running through downtown Seoul in anticipation of bigger protests.
Prosecutors have named Park as an accomplice in two court cases linked to the scandal, suggesting she is likely to be investigated and could face legal proceedings.
Prime Minister Hwang Kyo-ahn was appointed acting president and will remain in that post until the election.
If Hwang resigns, as some media have speculated he may run for president, the finance minister will take over as acting president.
The US State Department said it would continue to work with the acting president and whoever becomes the next president.
Relations with China and the US could dominate the coming presidential campaign, after South Korea this month deployed the US THAAD missile defence system in response to North Korea’s stepped-up missile and nuclear tests.
China has vociferously protested against the deployment, fearing its sophisticated radar could see into its own missile deployments. – Reuters