Original article in Korean is at this link.
A study has found that students remain as exposed as ever to verbal and physical violence from their teachers, including being struck on their cheeks, but corporal punishment breeds rebellion more than it does an improvement in student behavior.
On the 13th Professor Park Cheol-hyeon of the criminology department at 동의대 presented the results of a survey of 481 high school students conducted at six liberal arts high schools in September and October of last year and asking about corporal punishment and its effects on students, finding that students who undergo corporal punishment are more likely to develop rebelliousness rather than self-reflection, making the punishment nearly completely ineffective. Prof. Park’s research is published in the latest issue of the journal of the Korea Institute of Criminology (형사정책연구원).
According to the survey, 454 (94.6%) of the students said they had experienced corporal punishment. Of those students many had experienced it in the past year, with 122 having been shouted at, 88 having been spanked, 77 (17.0%) having been struck on the cheek, and 28 (6.2%) having been punched.
Of the 75 students who reported being struck on the cheek, 53 (70.8%) said that “it did not make me reflect on my bad behavior.” Of the 28 students who had been punched, 15 (53.7%) reported not improving their behavior afterwards, and 6 (21.4%) said that “I felt insulted and continued to be rebellious, and my behavior got worse.” Also, of the 4 students said their teachers had “used seriously degrading language” to them, 3 reported not reflecting on their behavior.
Prof. Park said that “corporal punishment of students results more often in increased rebelliousness rather than improved behavior… when they feel that corporal punishment has been excessive or improper, students will have much worse behavior.”