Choseon-jok surveyed on discrimination in Korea
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Choseon-jok surveyed on discrimination in Korea

Original article in Korean is at this link.

A study has found that Choseon-jok feel more discriminated against and feel a greater sense of alienation in South Korea than they do in China.

Park Yeong-hun, a professor at Kunkuk University’s unification research center, spoke on the 12th regarding his dissertation, titled “An Investigation of the Psychology of Choseon-jok in China and the Social Psychology of Multiculturalism”, at an international symposium called “Diaspora and Multiculturalism”. In the dissertation he says that “Choseon-jok in China show signs of ethnic resistance and stress.”

According to the dissertation, in a survey of 300 Choseon-jok in eight regions and cities in China, 51.9% of respondents said: “I have experienced discrimination and ostracism in South Korea”. This is greater than the percentages of Chinese (40.7%) and North Koreans (12.5%) who said the same.

Asked about Chinese policy towards ethnic minorities, 81.5% of respondents said that they are either satisfied or very satisfied, but 52.2% said were dissatisfied with the South Korean government and 73.7% were dissatisfied with the Korean people.

Prof. Park said that “even as South Korea supports ethnic homogeneity, they (as ethnic minorities in China) feel distress over their dual identities and are demanding a unified identity.”

Asked to choose a homeland, 91.9% chose China, and just 0.3% chose South Korea.

Asked about the location of their mother country, 24.9% chose China, followed by 8.8% who chose South Korea and 36.0% who chose North Korea, then 23.9% who chose the Korean Peninsula.

However, 89.6% said “yes” when asked if they are proud of being ethnically Korean, and half said they are “very proud”.

Prof Park said: “It is important to find ways to bring Choseon-jok into the circle of social-psychological multicultural solidarity and communication in order to change their feelings about the Korean Peninsula (South and North Korea) to be as positive as those about China.”

Also, Kim Jong-gon, another researcher, surveyed 300 Choseon-jok regarding their hopes for reunification, finding that 48.5% have high hopes, while 51.5% are pessimistic.

66.3% chose the United States as the nation most standing in the way of reunification, followed by 18.2% choosing North Korea, 9.8% South Korea, 3.7% Japan, and 2.0% China, with none choosing Russia.

Min Byeong-gap, professor at Queens College in the United States, presented the keynote speech on “Economic and Cultural Obstacles and Adaptations of Korean-Americans”, selecting church activities, the homogeneity of Korean culture, and involvement in the Korean retail economy as reasons for Korean-Americans’ social isolation.