Burma: May President prevail to increase educational funds?By Zin Linn Feb 16, 2013 5:36PM UTC
Investment in education is the most profitable development venture for the nation, President Thein Sein said during Friday’s visit to University of Kalay in Sagaing Division which is located in western Burma closed to Chin State bordering with the Indian state of Manipur in the north and the Indian state of Mizoram in the west. There, President Thein Sein met rector and faculty members from Kalay University at Kabaw Hall and then, he paid a call on the Kalay District General Hospital to encourage patients within reach, according to The New Light of Myanmar newspaper.
“Myanmar universities are networking with prestigious seats of education from South Korea, Japan and so on including John Hopkins University,” said the President Thein Sein as he visited Kalay University Friday morning. He revealed the improved financial plan on education and health in the time of his government.
Although the country possesses abundant natural resources and is situated at a strategic position between South Asia and South-East Asia, it has been short of capital, technology and human resources, he noticeably accepted the reality.
He outlined the list of priorities regarding the driving force for economic development. According to the President, the first on the agenda is to establish labor-intensive factories and workshops in major towns as well as in townships. The second is projects of small and medium enterprises for creation of value-added commodities, he said. The third is to put up heavy industry making use of Burma’s own natural resources and the fourth is to promote information technology upgrading.
He called for the founding of training schools to raise skilled labors to carry out the aforesaid plans. To him, the responsibility of teachers is to build up human resources. He also underlined the essential of English language proficiency to be evenly balanced with worldwide nations.
Moreover, he demands capable instructors who must be professional in their particular topics. During a meeting with undergraduates there, the President urged them to turn out to be well-educated civilized citizens.
The words of the President pronounced during the Friday visit to University of Kalay were really good in terms of public speaking. Even though he said that investment in education is the most cost-effective development venture for the nation, his government, similar to the previous junta, has allotted insufficient amounts for the educational budget. It means the President’s words and realistic activities in educational field are poles apart.
In March 2011, the National League for Democracy (NLD) led by Aung San Suu Kyi criticized the previous 2011-2012 budget for allocating too much of its funds to the military and not a sufficient amount to social services such as health and education. According to the aforesaid budget allotments, 23.6 per cent of the 2011-12 budget was used for defense while just 1.3 per cent for health and 4.3 per cent for education.
According to the NLD’s 4 March 2011 statement, the unlimited ‘Special Funds’ open to the commander-in-chief of the military – to safeguard national sovereignty and protect disintegration of the union – is totally unreasonable. The worst is that the decree says the military commander-in-chief will not be subject to questioning, explanation or auditing by any individual or organization concerning the use of ‘Special Funds’.
Parliament, which is formed with representatives-elect, is the best proper place to guarantee that the budget goes with the nation’s needs with the available resources. However, Burma’s recent budgetary puzzlement clearly shows that the commander-in-chief of the military is above the president and the parliament. For example, the defense sector used up limitless expenditure on the recent war against the Kachin Independence Army (KIA), while state schools have not enough accommodation and qualified teachers. Similarly, while the state hospitals were with no medicines, the military bought more arms and ammunition to expand the civil war.
President Thein Sein should speak cautiously in public and he must take accountability of his words to be materialized. After saying there is a need to raise country’s education standard, the first thing he ought to do is to listen to the advice of the respective professionals and increase the education budget reasonably. Yet, he may have little chance to obtain reasonable funds for education since he needs to bargain with the military spending.
Hence, political analysts and independent observers criticize the government for the amount spent on the defense budget, while key areas such as education and health are ignored. Consequently, investment in education seems to be one of the lowest in the world and that the state-sponsored educational growth may be weakened as usual due to widespread corruption which is safe under protection of military elite.