Australia: Coal to power the economyBy Rowena Dela Rosa Yoon Aug 03, 2012 7:38PM UTC
Following economists’ recent prediction of the impending end of mining boom cycle, the Federal Government is scrambling to find an alternative solution to power the Australian economy and is now turning to seam gas and brown coal projects.
New South Wales and Victoria received the green light to go ahead with the projects, respectively – stirring rounds of uproar from local industries, farmers, consumers, and environmental groups.
In NSW, both federal and state governments support seam gas exploration projects in the Hunter Valley—a region known for its lush green vineyards that spread out over the vast plains and rolling hills. The Hunter Valley Wine Industry Association, for one, said the seam gas will destroy the quality of soil and water in the region posing a serious threat to the wine industry. The Hunter Valley is home to 60 winemakers and 80 wineries and the industry has been in the region for nearly 200 years, along with the tourism industry.
In January this year, the Federal Government created the Independent Expert Scientific Committee to provide impartial advice on the environmental effects of coal mining and coal seam gas projects. But ABC’s Lateline revealed that four out of the six members have financial links with the mining industry.
- Professor Chris Moran – director of the Sustainable Minerals Institute at the University of Queensland. In 2010 the institute received $17 million, more than half of its funding, from coal seam gas and mining giants Santos, BHP Billiton, BG Group, Rio Tinto and many more.
- Associate Professor David Laurence – head of the University of NSW Centre for Sustainable Mining Practices. It’s funded with a $1.1 million grant by Mitsubishi Development, a Japanese-controlled coal miner with significant investments in Queensland.
- Professor John Langford – shareholder in coal seam gas and coal companies for his self-managed superannuation funds.
- Professor Peter Flood – a regular consultant for the resource industry.
The committee is chaired by Professor Craig Simmons who said the committee is made up of distinguished academics with long and credible public records. He rejected any suggestion that the committee’s work is influenced by industry.
Professor Gary Willgoose, a hydrologist who holds a prestigious position of Australian professorial fellow, said it is virtually impossible to find an independent expert as the coal seam gas industry funds and provides the vast majority of research and consultancy work.
Larissa Walters, Federal Green Senator, however said, “These people have been appointed to scrutinise the impacts of coal seam gas and coal mining. You want to make sure that they’re not getting paid by the industry and therefore might turn a blind eye to some of the more dastardly impacts of the industry.” Read ABC TRANSCRIPT.
In Victoria, the brown coal investment is in full swing under the Ted Baillieu Government. The federal and Victorian governments today announced the creation of a $90 million fund for new brown coal projects in the Latrobe Valley.
The Sydney Morning Herald said each government will contribute $45 million to pay for the development and rollout of brown coal technologies, including drying for export, conversion into fuels and fertilisers, and reducing emissions from coal-fired electricity generation. The announcement comes ahead of the Victorian Government opening its controversial tender for new allocations of brown coal in the Latrobe Valley.
Federal Energy Minister Martin Ferguson said the program will create jobs in the LaTrobe Valley region, spur economic growth, and create a sustainable source of energy for Victorian industries and households.
The Minister also said,
There is a potential for brown coal to develop into a valuable export, which would not be possible without the technological innovation that may also assist in meeting the Government’s emissions reductions targets of five per cent fewer emissions than 2000 levels by 2020.”
Victorian Energy Minister Michael O’Brien said,
Our brown coal resource has for a long time benefited all Victorians, delivering a reliable and affordable power source that has underpinned our economic growth and been a competitive advantage for the state.
There is a long term viable future for the Latrobe Valley based on the sustainable use of brown coal.’
Expressions of interests for grants will close on November 19. The governments said construction of the first funded project will be scheduled for 2013-14.
Meanwhile, Friends of the Earth campaign coordinator Cam Walker released a media statement to express his group’s disappointment over the government’s sneaky plan of scrapping clean energy projects.
Last week, the Federal Energy Minister announced it will cancel the $100m grant to the proposed HRL coal-fired power plant in the Latrobe Valley. He said the announcement is devastating for the Victorian communities. The $45 million Victorian government contribution could be used to invest in clean energy technology. Walker said the announcement is a massive lost opportunity.
Instead of continuing to peddle the notion of ‘clean’ coal technologies, the government should be putting public funds into job rich renewable technology. The state government has shut off much of the state to wind energy, and refuses to listen to community concerns about coal and CSG. Having done a U Turn on climate action, it seems the government of Ted Baillieu is determined to take Victoria back into the 1950s by continuing to support the expansion of the obsolete brown coal industry.