The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP), the country’s main human rights watchdog, has released report of its fact-finding mission to Karachi and called for depoliticisation of the police department and disbanding of armed militant wings of political parties.

It recommends that mainstreaming and integrating all communities in Karachi is vital because of the multi-faceted polarisation of the city.

On July 22, 2011 the HRCP, deeply concerned at the intensity of violence in Karachi, which had resulted in the loss of over 200 lives apart from displacement of families and total disruption of economic activity, announced it was to conduct a fact-finding mission on Karachi violence.

On August 1 it issued an interim statement after completing the fact-finding mission.  The interim report reads: “Karachi is in the grip of a multi-sided wave of insecurity-driven political, ethnic and sectarian polarization that has greatly undermined its tradition of tolerance and good-neighbourliness.”

It is also important to mention here that on October 6, 2011 Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry announced the verdict in the Karachi suo motu case. According to The Express Tribune newspaper; “The chief justice quoted reports of intelligence agencies saying that some criminal groups had political backing and that such elements had become part of political parties.”

The HRCP’s latest report titled “Karachi: Unholy alliances for mayhem” uncovers startling facts related to violence in Karachi, the commercial hub of Pakistan.

“All stakeholders in the city are in agreement that despite the horrific bloodshed in recent months the potential for chaos in Karachi is infinitely more, thanks in no small part to well armed cadre of the main political parties and the huge political and economic stakes involved,” reads findings of the fact-finding mission.

It also reads: “In the form of ruling political parties’ patronage for criminals, state power and militant powers have come together and the citizens are viewed increasingly through their identity with an ethnic / linguistic / political group.”

The complete report, with findings and recommendations, is available on website of Pakistan’s Daily Times newspaper.