Asia Foundation survey – Part 1: Who are the PDRC protesters?By Bangkok Pundit Feb 12, 2014 10:00AM UTC
BP has already blogged (part 1 and part 2) on the previous Asia Foundation survey which looked at both the PDRC and UDD protesters from November 30. Asia Foundation has conducted a new survey, although this time only of the PDRC protesters.
Against this backdrop, the Foundation conducted a second survey of the PDRC demonstrators on January 13-14, 2014.
The methodology used for this survey was comparable to the first survey conducted on November 30, 2013. A short questionnaire was developed by Foundation program staff, with a small team of survey supervisors and 14 enumerators (two per location) deployed to administer the survey. The survey employed a purposive sampling methodology and aimed to interview 350 respondents (50 per location) in all seven of the PDRC rally locations around Bangkok, including the Silom Road- Lumpini Park intersection, Ratchaprasong intersection, Pathumwan intersection, Phetchaburi-Asoke intersection, Victory Monument, Ladprao intersection, and the Government Complex at Chaeng Wattana.
The methodology applied was designed to be representative of the protest group, with a good coverage of locations. Enumerators were instructed to plan a serpentine path through the entire physical area of the demonstrations to account for the fact that groups of protestors travelling from various locations might be concentrated in one area. Taking into account the final sample size achieved for the PDRC protesters, the margin of error is approximately 10 percent.
As indicated in the data presentation and analysis that follows, a few questions generated multiple responses, which results in total percentage figures larger than 100 percent when all responses are tallied. In some questions, the rounding off of data to whole numbers results in a few cases in which the tallied results equal slightly more or less than 100 percent.
Methodological Caveat: The survey sample represents one extreme of public sentiment, since the vast majority of crowds at the PDRC demonstration sites consisted of people who were sufficiently motivated to devote time and energy in support of a specific political cause. Accordingly, the findings should not be viewed as representative of the public at large. While all possible steps were taken within the parameters of available time to enhance the rigor of the survey, the sample size achieved was modest and the margin of error in any finding commensurately large. Despite these limitations, the fast estimates obtained may be considered as indicative of the true values, consistent with the aim of this rapid survey.
Notwithstanding the limitations of the sample size and methodology, it is hoped that the findings of this rapid survey will contribute to a further understanding of the demographics of the antigovernment political activists who have mounted the Bangkok Shutdown campaign under the banner of PDRC and of respondent perspectives on certain issues.
BP: This is a survey of PDRC protesters (not supporters) who attended rallies on January 13-14. Nevertheless, we have the Asia Foundation survey or nothing. It is not as if there are any other surveys of the PDRC supporters where we get this type of information of who they are and what they want.
BP: Slightly younger than from the November 30 survey.
Also, females were 53% and males 47%….
Chart 2 : Marital Status
BP: This contrasts with 39% single and 52% married from November 30 survey.
BP: National Average from Asia Foundation 2009 survey was:
Primary school or below: 38%
Secondary school: 31%
Bachelor Degree: 15%
Master degree or above: 1%
As you can see from the national average 69% with either primary or secondary level vs 11% of PDRC protesters; 16% national average have a Bachelor’s degree or higher vs 74% of PDRC protesters.
Chart 4 : Bangkok or not?
BP: Fairly self-explanatory…. Last time, it was 57%…
Chart 5 : Where up-country?
BP: Last survey, it was 42% for Central Region and 26% from the South so a clear increase in numbers from the South.
NOTE: Asia Foundation appears to be using the 6 region system.
Chart 6 : Work status
BP: Students were only 5% last time so a significant increase.
Chart 7 : Geographical Residence
BP: Last time, it was 32% whose income was over 60,000, but this has increased to 40% now. As noted in the previous post on the 1st survey:
No other chart explains the differences between the protesters* more clearly than the above. For all this talk by The Nation criticising “[t]hose [who are] seeking to portray the protests as a battle between rich and poor are missing the truth”, what does the above chart show you?
BP: It is important to note that protesters only and not necessarily reflective of supporters of the movement as a whole. Nevertheless, over 50% earn over 50,000 Baht a month. This contrasts with the average national wage of 12,255 Baht a month (as of Q3/2013)….
This then corresponds with 100% of all respondents claimed that they did not receive financial incentive to participate in the Bangkok Shutdown campaign and 99% saying they travelled to the site on their own.
Another question asked whether they had”attended any political demonstrations prior to October 2013?” 65% said “no”. This just demonstrates the power of the Democrats and it makes it easier for more Democrat supporters to come out rather than being lead by Sondhi L.
Chart 8 : On what protests they had attended before:
BP: Interesting to see how much more from 2006 than 2008…
Chart 9 : Frequency of protest attendance
BP: This is from January 13-14 which attracted a big crowd at the beginning, but as you can see over 50% had attended the protests no more 3 times before,