Asean’s burgeoning thirst for energyBy Asia Sentinel Oct 05, 2013 10:58AM UTC
That means energy-related carbon dioxide emissions are going to double by 2035 writes Asia Sentinel.
Energy demand in Southeast Asia has expanded by two and a half times since 1990 – and is still only about half the global average as the global energy epicenter shifts to Asia, according to a new report released this week by the International Energy Agency.
Particularly troubling for the environment, energy related emissions of carbon dioxide by the 10 members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations is expected to nearly double, reaching 2.3 gigatonnes – 2.3 billion tonnes. That bleak assessment comes just a few days after the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warned that global warming, caused by greenhouse gases, is likely to accelerate and called climate change “the greatest challenge of our time.
Energy demand within Asean is expected to increase by another 80 percent by 2035, according to the 138-page report by the IEA, titled Southeast Asia Energy Outlook. The agency is composed of 28 member countries, most of them rich ones. In particular, the report says, the 10 Asean members are expected to triple their use of coal, accounting for nearly 30 percent of global growth. Natural gas demand is expected to increase by 80 percent. The share of renewables in the primary energy mix is expected to fall as rapidly increasing use of modern renewables – such as geothermal, hydro and wind – is offset by reduced use of traditional biomass for cooking.
IEA Director Maria van der Hoeven warned in a Bangkok press conference that countries in the region must take serious action to increase energy efficiency in a bid to slow the emissions of greenhouse gases.
Removing barriers to energy efficiency deployment would deliver major energy savings. With the proper policies, it would be possible to cut energy demand is cut by almost 15 percent in 2035, an amount that exceeds Thailand’s current energy demand. Lower electricity demand and the use of more efficient power plants reduce coal demand by 25 percent. More efficient industrial equipment, stringent vehicle fuel-economy standards and the quicker phase-out of fossil-fuel subsidies drive demand reductions in oil (10 percent) and gas (11 percent).
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